[Kovove materialy - Metallic materials]
    Mon - April 22, 2024 - 06:42 No. of hits : 1743034 ISSN 1338-4252 (online) ISSN 0023-432X (printed)
© Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

VOLUME 57 (2019), Issue 6

Evaluation of metallurgical behavior of oxygen and sulfur in base iron for ductile iron production based on thermal analysis
LI, D., XU, Z., MA, X., SHI, D., HAN, C., WANG, L.
vol. 57 (2019), no. 6, pp. 389 - 395
DOI: 10.4149/km_2019_6_389

Oxygen and sulfur have an important influence on nodularization during ductile iron preparation. In this paper, the metallurgical behavior of oxygen and sulfur for nodularization were studied by thermal analysis with Al-contained sample cup. The results show that oxygen has a significant influence on both primary phase and eutectic solidification of base iron because of its greater chemical affinity with carbon and silicon. The morphology and status of oxidized products obtained during nodularization affect eutectic graphite crystallization while sulfur with less electron affinity affects eutectic graphite nucleation and growth by combining sulfides as aided nucleation substrate. After nodularization, the formation and aggregation of sulfide particles are relatively slow in iron liquid. The dispersive deoxidization and desulfurization composites suspending in iron melt may be the beneficial core of spherical graphite. From the view of thermodynamics and kinetics, the direct anti-spherification action of sulfur is always weaker than that of oxygen.

Key words
ductile iron, oxygen and sulfur, metallurgical characteristics, thermal analysis, experimental study

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Full title of this journal is bilingual: Kovové materiály - Metallic Materials.
The official abbreviation in accordance with JCR ISI is Kovove Mater.

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