[Kovove materialy - Metallic materials]
    Mon - April 22, 2024 - 04:50 No. of hits : 1743017 ISSN 1338-4252 (online) ISSN 0023-432X (printed)
© Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

VOLUME 57 (2019), Issue 6

Effect of Al content on microstructure of Ti-Al-Nb-C-Mo composites reinforced with carbide particles
vol. 57 (2019), no. 6, pp. 377 - 387
DOI: 10.4149/km_2019_6_377

The effect of Al content on the microstructure of Ti-xAl-8Nb-3.6C-0.8Mo (at.%) composites reinforced with carbide particles, where x = 38, 42, 45, and 47 at.%, was studied. The composites prepared by vacuum induction melting in graphite crucibles followed by centrifugal casting into graphite moulds were studied in the as-cast and heat-treated state. The intermetallic matrices of the as-cast composites consisting of α2(Ti3Al)-, γ(TiAl)-, and β/B2(Ti)-phases are reinforced with uniformly distributed carbide particles composed of (Ti,Nb) 2AlC-phase and small amount of (Ti,Nb)C-phase preserved in the cores of some coarse irregular shaped carbides. The increasing Al content leads to a decrease in the volume fraction of β/B2-phase and an increase in the volume fraction of the lamellar α2 + γ and single γ-phase regions in the as-cast composites. The increasing Al content increases shape factor and decreases the mean size of the primary carbide particles. In the heat-treated composites, the intermetallic matrices change from multiphase composed of lamellar α2 + γ grains with β/B2- and γ-phase regions formed along the lamellar grain boundaries, through nearly lamellar to single γ-phase with increasing Al content. The (Ti,Nb)C regions in the core of some carbide particles transform to (Ti,Nb) 2AlC-phase during the heat-treatment. The Vickers hardness and matrix microhardness decrease with the increasing Al content in both the as-cast and heat-treated composites.

Key words
intermetallics, TiAl, composites, casting, microstructure, hardness

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Full title of this journal is bilingual: Kovové materiály - Metallic Materials.
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